Job Crafting Exercise™
The Job Crafting Exercise™ helps you make your job more engaging and fulfilling. The idea is to view your job in a new way — as a flexible set of building blocks rather than a fixed list of duties. Using this perspective, you create a visual plan for redesigning your job to better suit your values, strengths, and passions.
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The Concept of Job Crafting and Why It Matters
Job crafting captures the active changes employees make to their own job designs in ways that can bring about numerous positive outcomes, including engagement, job satisfaction, resilience, and thriving. This briefing introduces the core ideas of job crafting theory for management students by defining it, describing why it is important, summarizing key research findings, and exploring what it means for employees, managers, and organizations. Download What is Job Crafting and Why Does it Matter (132K PDF). There is no cost.
The Job Crafting Exercise™ (JCE) can help anyone with a full-time job experience greater enjoyment, meaning, and effectiveness at work. People use the JCE in the following ways:
- Groups Workshops: Organizations invite employees to complete the JCE in a professional development workshop. See Two-Hour Workshop Outline.
- Classroom Teaching: Instructors use the JCE to teach students about job crafting theory. To receive a teaching note, please contact POSfirstname.lastname@example.org.
- One-on-One Coaching: Coaches guide clients through the JCE.
- Self-development: Individuals complete the JCE on their own.
The effects of using the Job Crafting Exercise™ have been tested in a field quasi-experiment at a Fortune 500 technology company. Participating in a Job Crafting Exercise™ workshop significantly increased employees’ happiness and effectiveness six weeks later, as rated by the employees’ peers and managers (controlling for levels of happiness and effectiveness prior to the workshop).
Additional Research on Job Crafting
- Berg, J. M., Dutton, J. E., & Wrzesniewski, A. Job Crafting and Meaningful Work. In B. J. Dik, Z. S. Byrne & M. F. Steger (Eds.), Purpose and meaning in the workplace (pp. 81-104). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
- Berg, J. M., Grant, A. M., & Johnson, V. When callings are calling; Crafting work and leisure in pursuit of unanswered occupational callings. Organization Science, 21(5), 973-994.
- Berg, J. M., Wrzesniewski, A., & Dutton, J. E. Perceiving and responding to challenges in job crafting at different ranks; When proactivity requires adaptivity. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 31(2-3), 158-186.
- Wrzesniewski, A., & Dutton, J. E. Crafting a job; Revisioning employees as active crafters of their work. Academy of Management Review, 26(2), 179-201.
- Wrzesniewski, A., LoBuglio, N., Dutton, J. E., & Berg, J. M. (2013). Job Crafting and Cultivating Positive Meaning and Identity in Work. In A. B. Bakker (Ed.), Advances in Positive Organizational Psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 281-302). London: Emerald.
- Google’s Favorite Psychologist Explains How the Company Retains Top Talent. BusinessInsider.com. Goth, Aimee (includes video interview with Adam Grant, who mentions use of the Job Crafting Exercise at Google).
- Help Your Best People Do a Better Job. BusinessWeek.com. Tasler, Nick.
- Hate Your Job? Here’s How to Reshape It. Time.com. Caplan, Jeremy.
- Want to be Happier at Work? Learn how from these “Job Crafters.” FastCompany.com. Zax, David.
- The #1 Feature of a Meaningless Job. Psychologytoday.com. Grant, Adam.
- Don’t Love Your Job? Fix the Job You’re In. Entrepreneur.com. Hurst, Aaron.