Behavioral complexity in leadership: The psychometric properties of a new instrument to measure behavioral repertoire
Lawrence, K., Lenk, P., & Quinn, R. E. (2009). Behavioral complexity in leadership: The psychometric properties of a new instrument to measure behavioral repertoire. The Leadership Quarterly, 20(2), 87-102.
Recent research in managerial and executive leadership has recognized the importance of cognitive complexity and behavioral complexity. In particular, behavioral complexity addresses the competing demands and roles expected of managers and leaders. Though some empirical research on behavioral complexity exists, progress has been hindered by the absence of a more rigorous measurement instrument. Here we design an elaborated, multi-dimensional instrument based on the Competing Values Framework (CVF). We test this second-order measurement model using structural equation modeling (SEM) to remove measurement error and to examine the underlying conceptual structure of the framework. In addition, we test the spatial relationship of the factors using a circumplex model. Our data largely supports the theoretical structure and stringent demands of the CVF model as applied to this measurement instrument. This new instrument should prove to be a valuable tool for exploring the behavioral complexity of leaders.